Why do Mediterraneans live longer and where is it best to live?

Human life expectancy has effectively doubled in the last century and a half and it continues to increase. Living longer is certainly everyone’s dream, but it is equally important for both men and women to live these additional years in good mental and physical health. So, why Mediterraneans live longer? Where is best to live?

Studies in recent years have delved into the link between diet, longevity and health, highlighting which foods and dietary habits tend to have beneficial effects and which, in the long run, can cause damage.

It has emerged that the healthiest habits are those attributed to populations living around the Mediterranean.

It might be interesting to check out the Mediterranean diet to be one of the answers for our question “why Mediterraneans live longer”.

Observations and studies have shown that greater adherence to the mediterranean diet helps prevent a wide range of age-related non-communicable diseases. Such diseases as cardiovascular and metabolic disorders, neurodegenerative conditions, cancer, depression, respiratory diseases and even bone fractures.

 As we have seen in our previous article, “How much does it cost to live in the Mediterranean?“, developed countries around the Mediterranean offer the opportunity to live well, long and healthy lives.

But what are the best places to live? And why is life expectancy higher in these countries?

In this article, we will delve into these topics with a particular focus on the best regions and cities to live in Italy, the pearl of the Mediterranean!

Mediterranean life expectancy

When it comes to longevity and living a healthy life, the mediterranean region has long captivated researchers and health enthusiasts alike.

With its picturesque landscapes, vibrant cultures and delicious cuisine, this part of the world has garnered attention for its remarkable life expectancy.

The Mediterranean Lifestyle

At the heart of the mediterranean longevity lies a lifestyle that emphasizes balance, connection and wholesome choices. Let’s delve into the key elements that contribute to their exceptional health and well-being:

  • Diet: nourishing the body and soul

The mediterranean diet has gained worldwide acclaim for its health benefits.

Characterized by an abundance of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, olive oil and moderate consumption of fish, poultry and dairy, this eating pattern is a cornerstone of longevity.

Why do Mediterraneans live longer and where is it best to live
  • Active living: embracing movement

Physical activity is deeply embedded in the Mediterranean lifestyle.

Instead of sedentary habits, these communities engage in regular physical activity through different sports; this is very important for the body health.

  • Social connections: the power of community

One cannot overlook the significance of strong social bonds in mediterranean cultures. Family ties, friendships and a sense of community play vital roles in overall well-being.

Regular social interactions, shared meals and emotional support create a nurturing environment that positively impacts mental health and reduces stress, both of which are essential for a long and healthy life.

The Mediterranean Paradox

The Mediterranean region boasts not only an enviable lifestyle, but also remarkable health outcomes.

Researchers have long puzzled over the “mediterranean paradox” – the intriguing phenomenon where populations in these areas experience longer lifespans despite some unfavorable health indicators.

Given this paradox the question is even more intriguing: why Mediterraneans live longer?

Several factors contribute to this paradox, including:

  • Diet quality: the mediterranean diet’s nutrient-dense nature provides protective effects against chronic diseases and age-related ailments.
  • Olive oil and healthy fats: the consumption of olive oil, rich in monounsaturated fats, contributes to cardiovascular health and has anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Red wine in moderation: moderate consumption of red wine, often enjoyed with meals, has been associated with certain health benefits due to its antioxidant content.
  • Traditional food preparation methods: traditional mediterranean cooking methods involve less frying and processed foods, preserving the nutritional integrity of ingredients.
  • Lifestyle harmony: the mediterranean lifestyle combines elements of physical activity, stress reduction and social engagement, promoting overall well-being.

Best place to live in Italy, the pearl of the Mediterranean

Italy is a mediterranean country, for us the most beautiful in the world, and it offers a diverse range of beautiful places to live, each with its unique charm and appeal.

The best place to live in Italy ultimately depends on individual preferences, lifestyle and priorities.

However, some regions and cities are consistently regarded as popular choices for various reasons.


Why do Mediterraneans live longer and where is it best to live

Living in Sardinia offers a unique and attractive lifestyle that draws many people to this beautiful mediterranean island.

Here are some compelling reasons why living in Sardinia can be an appealing choice:

  • Natural beauty: Sardinia is renowned for its breathtaking natural landscapes, including pristine beaches with crystal-clear waters, rugged coastlines, majestic mountains and lush countryside.
  • Mediterranean climate: Sardinia enjoys a pleasant mediterranean climate, with mild winters and hot summers.
  • Quality of life: life on the island is known for its slower pace, allowing residents to savor the moment and enjoy a more laid-back lifestyle; this can be particularly appealing for those seeking an escape from the fast-paced urban lifestyle.
  • Culinary delights: sardinian cuisine is a gastronomic delight, featuring fresh seafood, artisanal cheeses, savory meats and delicious wines.
  • Safety and security: Sardinia is known for its low crime rate, providing a safe environment for families and individuals alike.
  • Health and longevity: some regions of Sardinia have been identified as “blue zones”, places where people tend to live longer and healthier lives. The island’s traditional diet and lifestyle contribute to the well-being of its residents.
  • Cultural events and festivals: throughout the year, Sardinia hosts various cultural events and traditional festivals that celebrate its history, folklore and local traditions.


Living in Tuscany offers a captivating and enriching experience in one of Italy’s most picturesque regions. Here are some reasons why many people are drawn to the idea of living in Tuscany:

  • Timeless beauty: Tuscany is renowned for its stunning landscapes, with rolling hills, vineyards, cypress-lined roads and charming medieval villages dotting the countryside. The region’s scenic beauty provides a sense of tranquility and serenity.
  • Art and culture: Tuscany is a cradle of art and culture, home to masterpieces by renowned artists such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and Botticelli. The region’s rich cultural heritage is evident in its museums, churches and historical sites.
  • Culinary delights: Tuscany is a gastronomic paradise, offering delectable cuisine that celebrates simple, locally sourced ingredients. Tuscan dishes such as ribollita, pappa al pomodoro and bistecca alla Fiorentina are famous worldwide.
  • Wine country: Tuscany is synonymous with wine and its vineyards produce some of Italy’s finest wines, including Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino and Vernaccia di San Gimignano.
  • Quality of life: life in Tuscany tends to be characterized by a slower pace, providing a chance to appreciate the small joys of daily living. The emphasis on food, family and community creates a fulfilling and enriching lifestyle.
  • Historic cities: Tuscany boasts several captivating cities, including Florence, Siena, Pisa and Lucca, each with its own unique charm and architectural wonders. These cities offer a blend of historical significance and modern amenities.
  • Education and learning: Tuscany is home to several prestigious universities and institutions, offering opportunities for learning and personal growth.
  • Strong community bonds: Tuscans are known for their warm hospitality and strong community ties. Embracing the local culture can lead to lasting connections and a sense of belonging.


Living in Sicily offers a unique experience in the heart of the Mediterranean.

This island, known for its rich history, stunning landscapes and warm hospitality, has much to offer to those seeking a vibrant and fulfilling lifestyle.

Here are some reasons why living in Sicily can be a good choice:

  • Historical and cultural heritage: Sicily’s history is a tapestry of civilizations, including the Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Normans and more. The island is dotted with ancient ruins, well-preserved Greek temples, impressive Baroque architecture and charming medieval towns, providing a rich cultural tapestry to explore.
  • Gorgeous landscapes: Sicily boasts diverse landscapes, from sandy beaches and crystal-clear waters to high mountains and fertile valleys. The island’s natural beauty offers endless opportunities for outdoor activities and exploration.
  • Mediterranean climate: like Sardinia, Sicily enjoys a mild Mediterranean climate with long, warm summers and short, mild winters. The sunny weather encourages a relaxed outdoor lifestyle year-round.
  • Culinary delights: sicilian cuisine is a tantalizing fusion of flavors, influenced by its diverse history and access to fresh, local ingredients. From arancini and cannoli to pasta alla norma and fresh seafood dishes, the island’s gastronomy is a delight for food enthusiasts.
  • Welcoming communities: Sicilians are known for their warmth and hospitality, making it easy for newcomers to feel at home and become part of the local community.
  • Multicultural fusion: the island’s history of various influences has created a vibrant and diverse cultural landscape, adding to its unique charm and appeal.

In conclusion…

So, why Mediterraneans live longer? Where is best to live? We’ve seen that Mediterranean way of life offers invaluable insights into living a long, fulfilling, and healthy life.

From the nourishing Mediterranean diet to the emphasis on physical activity, social connections and mindful relaxation, these communities have cultivated a lifestyle that fosters well-being.

By adopting these principles, individuals around the world can strive for longevity and enhance their overall quality of life.

Let us take inspiration from the Mediterranean region, Italy inparticular, savoring wholesome meals, embracing movement, nurturing relationships and finding joy in the simple pleasures of life – all key ingredients for a long and vibrant journey.